PERSONAL HYGIENE SERIES
Date: December 13, 2017
Time: 15:06 pm
The human body can provide places for disease-causing germs and parasites to grow and multiply. These places include the skin and in and around the openings to the body. It is less likely that germs and parasites will get inside the body if people have good personal hygiene habits.
The World Health Organization defines hygiene as conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases. Personal hygiene therefore includes a specific set of practices associated with this preservation of health, for example environmental cleaning, hand hygiene, water and sanitation and safe disposal of waste.
Good Personal Hygiene Habits
- Washing your body often. Shower or bath at least once every day.
- Cleaning your teeth at least once a day. Brushing your teeth after each meal is the best way of making sure that gum disease and tooth decay are avoided. It is very important to clean the teeth after breakfast and immediately before going to bed.
- Washing your hair with soap or shampoo at least once a week.
- Washing your hands with soap after using the toilet.
- Washing your hands with soap before preparing and/or eating food. During normal daily activities, such as working and playing, disease causing germs may get onto the hands and under the nails. If the germs are not washed off before preparing food or eating, they may get onto the food.
- Changing into clean clothes. Dirty clothes should be washed with laundry soap before wearing them again.
- Hanging clothes in the sun to dry. The sun's rays will kill some disease-causing germs and parasites.
- Turning away from other people and covering your nose and mouth with a tissue or the hand when coughing or sneezing. If this is not done, droplets of liquid containing germs from the nose and mouth will be spread in the air and other people can breathe them in, or the droplets can get onto food.